public interface Upload
MultiFileItemFormItems that enable users to upload one or more files as a background operation, without leaving the current page
Single file upload: "binary" field type
To use Smart GWT's client-server upload system, you use a DataSource field of
type "binary". By default, a DynamicForm bound to a DataSource with a field of type "binary" will use the
FileItem, which displays a standard HTML <input type="upload"> form control.
When you call
DynamicForm.saveData() on a DynamicForm containing a FileItem, Smart GWT processes the save identically to a saveData() call that did not include a file upload:
field type "binary".
Client-side callbacks, such as the callback passed to saveData(), fire normally.
Note that FileItems cannot be programmatically populated - this is a browser security restriction over which we have no control. This restriction means that we are unable to populate a FileItem with the correct filename when a form is editing an existing record. Also, when you call saveData() on a form that is editing a new record, the FileItem will be cleared on successful completion of the saveData() call; this is a side-effect of the form being placed into "edit" mode. In both of these cases, the fact that the FileItem has been cleared will not cause the persisted binary data to be removed by Smart GWT Server on subsequent calls to setData(). If the user selects another file, it will overwrite the existing one; if the FileItem is left blank, the server simply ignores it. If you actually wish to wipe out the value of a binary field, call
updateData() on the underlying dataSource, passing an explicit null value for the binary field.
Restricting upload sizes
The server framework includes mechanisms for setting maximum allowable file sizes. The first, applied using
global configuration properties, is meant to prevent an end user from uploading a file large enough to cause memory issues on the server.
To configure the maximum allowed size of a single uploaded file (disabled by default), set the fileUpload.maxFileSize property's value (in bytes):
To configure the maximum combined size of all files in a single request (disabled by default), set the fileUpload.maxSize property's value (also in bytes):
Another configuration property controls the default value of a "binary" DataSourceField's
maxFileSize attribute, suitable for managing storage requirements for a given DataSource over time (e.g., limiting images to 10MB).
Processing File Uploads with server-side business logic
Server-side business logic that processes file uploads may retrieve upload files via the server side API dsRequest.getUploadedFile(fieldName). The uploaded file is returned as an instance of ISCFileItem, which provides access to a Java InputStream as well as metadata about the file (size, name). See the server-side JavaDoc (com.isomorphic.*) for details.
NOTE: request processing engines such as Struts may parse the inbound request before Smart GWT receives it. If you are creating an RPCManager object inside of a Struts Action and the file being uploaded is not available via
dsRequest.getUploadedFile(), this is likely to be the problem, and you should remove Struts from the processing of the upload.
Server-side validation errors may be provided, including validation errors for the uploaded file (such as too large or invalid content), and will be displayed in the form that attempted an upload.
Be aware of the following special concerns when processing file uploads:
Multi file upload: MultiFileItem
The MultiFileItem provides an interface for a user to save one or more files that are related to a DataSource record, where each file is represented by a record in a related DataSource.
MultiFileItem docs for details.
Upload without the Smart GWT Server
If it is acceptable that the application will do a full-page reload after the upload completes, you can simply:
UploadItemto get a basic HTML upload control
actionto a URL where you have deployed server-side code to handle the upload
DynamicForm.submitForm()to cause the form to be submitted
Note that when you submitForm(), the only values that will be sent to your actionURL are values for which actual FormItems exist. This differs from saveData(), in which the entire set of
form values are always sent. To handle submitting extra values, use
For further details, see the
Background upload without the Smart GWT Server
Achieving background file upload without using the Smart GWT server is also possible although considerably more advanced. In addition to the steps above, create a hidden <iframe> element in the page, and use